ESP32 - DHT11 - LCD

This tutorial instructs you how to program ESP32 to read temperature and humidity from DHT11 and display them on LCD I2C.

Hardware Used In This Tutorial

1×ESP-WROOM-32 Dev Module
1×USB Cable Type-C
1×LCD I2C 16x2
1×DHT11 Temperature and Humidity Sensor
1×Breadboard
1×Jumper Wires
1×(Optional) DC Power Jack
1×(Recommended) ESP32 Screw Terminal Adapter

Or you can buy the following sensor kit:

1×DIYables Sensor Kit 30 types, 69 units
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Introduction to DHT11 and LCD

We have specific tutorials about DHT11 sensor and LCD. Each tutorial contains detailed information and step-by-step instructions about hardware pinout, working principle, wiring connection to ESP32, ESP32 code... Learn more about them at the following links:

Wiring Diagram

ESP32 DHT11 sensor LCD Wiring Diagram

This image is created using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

If you're unfamiliar with how to supply power to the ESP32 and other components, you can find guidance in the following tutorial: How to Power ESP32.

Note that the DHT11 sensor can works with 5V or 3.3V, so you can connect the VCC pin of DHT11 to 3.3V pin or 5V pin

In the above diragram, LCD is powered from ESP32 board, in some cases, it may not provide enough power for the LCD display. If LCD does not display anything, power LCD by external power source as below:

  • If powering ESP32 via Vin pin and LCD with external power source
ESP32 DHT11 module LCD Wiring Diagram

This image is created using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

  • If powering ESP32 via USB port and powering LCD with external power source
ESP32 DHT11 LCD I2C Wiring Diagram

This image is created using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

ESP32 Code - DHT11 Sensor - LCD I2C

/* * This ESP32 code is created by esp32io.com * * This ESP32 code is released in the public domain * * For more detail (instruction and wiring diagram), visit https://esp32io.com/tutorials/esp32-dht11-lcd */ #include <DHT.h> #include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h> #define DHT11_PIN 23 // ESP32 pin GPIO23 connected to DHT11 sensor LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27, 16, 2); // I2C address 0x27 (from DIYables LCD), 16 column and 2 rows DHT dht11(DHT11_PIN, DHT11); void setup() { dht11.begin(); // initialize the DHT11 sensor lcd.init(); // initialize the lcd lcd.backlight(); // open the backlight } void loop() { float humi = dht11.readHumidity(); // read humidity float tempC = dht11.readTemperature(); // read temperature lcd.clear(); // check whether the reading is successful or not if (isnan(tempC) || isnan(humi)) { lcd.setCursor(0, 0); lcd.print("Failed"); } else { lcd.setCursor(0, 0); // display position lcd.print("Temp: "); lcd.print(tempC); // display the temperature lcd.print("°C"); lcd.setCursor(0, 1); // display position lcd.print("Humi: "); lcd.print(humi); // display the humidity lcd.print("%"); } // wait a 2 seconds between readings delay(2000); }

※ NOTE THAT:

The LCD I2C address can be different from each manufacturer. In the code, we used address of 0x27 that is specified by DIYables manufacturer

Quick Instructions

  • If this is the first time you use ESP32, see how to setup environment for ESP32 on Arduino IDE.
  • Do the wiring as above image.
  • Connect the ESP32 board to your PC via a micro USB cable
  • Open Arduino IDE on your PC.
  • Select the right ESP32 board (e.g. ESP32 Dev Module) and COM port.
  • Click to the Libraries icon on the left bar of the Arduino IDE.
  • Type “DHT” on the search box, then look for the DHT sensor library by Adafruit
  • Install the library by clicking on Install button.
ESP32 DHT sensor library
  • A windows appears to ask you to install dependencies for the library
  • Install all dependencies for the library by clicking on Install All button.
ESP32 Adafruit Unified sensor library
  • Type “LiquidCrystal I2C” on the search box, then look for the LiquidCrystal_I2C library by Frank de Brabander
  • Click Install button to install LiquidCrystal_I2C library.
ESP32 LiquidCrystal I2C library
  • Copy the above code and paste it to Arduino IDE.
  • Compile and upload code to ESP32 board by clicking Upload button on Arduino IDE
  • Make the sensor colder or hotter. For example, putting the sensor near a hot cup of coffee
  • See the result in LCD

If LCD displays nothing, see Troubleshooting on LCD I2C

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