ESP32 - DHT11

This tutorial instructs you how to use ESP32 to read temperature and humidity value from DHT11 sensor, and print it to Serial Monitor. The tutorial provide instructions for both DHT11 sensor and DHT11 module.

Hardware Used In This Tutorial

1×ESP-WROOM-32 Dev Module
1×USB Cable Type-C
1×Temperature and Humidity Sensor DHT11
1×10 kΩ resistor
1×Breadboard
1×Jumper Wires
1×(Optional) DC Power Jack
1×(Recommended) ESP32 Screw Terminal Adapter

Or you can buy the following sensor kit:

1×DIYables Sensor Kit 30 types, 69 units
Disclosure: some of these links are affiliate links. We may earn a commission on your purchase at no extra cost to you. We appreciate it.

Introduction to DHT11 Temperature and Humidity Sensor

DHT11
The humidity range 20% to 80%
The humidity accuracy 5%
The temperature range 0°C to 50°C
The temperature accuracy ± 2°C
The reading rate 1Hz (one time per second)
Operating Voltage3 to 5V

DHT11 Pinout

DHT11 has two form: raw sensor and module:

DHT11 sensor module Pinout

DHT11 sensor includes 4 pins:

  • GND pin: connect this pin to GND (0V)
  • VCC pin: connect this pin to VCC (3.3V or 5V)
  • DATA pin: the pin is used to communicate between the sensor and ESP32
  • NC pin: Not connected

We highily recommend you using DHT11 module. The modules have a built-in resistor and have only three pin: VCC, GND, and DATA pins (or alternatively: +, -, and OUT pins).

Wiring Diagram between DHT11 and ESP32

Wiring to ESP32 is the same for both sensors. In orginal form, A resistor from 5K to 10K Ohms is required to keep the data line high and in order to enable the communication between the sensor and the ESP32

ESP32 - DHT11 Sensor Wiring

ESP32 DHT11 Temperature and humidity Sensor Wiring Diagram

This image is created using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

If you're unfamiliar with how to supply power to the ESP32 and other components, you can find guidance in the following tutorial: How to Power ESP32.

ESP32 - DHT11 Module Wiring

Most of DHT11 sensor modules have a built-in resistor, so you don't need to add it. it saves us some wiring or soldering works.

ESP32 DHT11 Temperature and humidity Module Wiring Diagram

This image is created using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

ESP32 Code - DHT11

/* * This ESP32 code is created by esp32io.com * * This ESP32 code is released in the public domain * * For more detail (instruction and wiring diagram), visit https://esp32io.com/tutorials/esp32-dht11 */ #include <DHT.h> #define DHT11_PIN 21 // ESP32 pin GPIO21 connected to DHT11 sensor DHT dht11(DHT11_PIN, DHT11); void setup() { Serial.begin(9600); dht11.begin(); // initialize the DHT11 sensor } void loop() { // read humidity float humi = dht11.readHumidity(); // read temperature in Celsius float tempC = dht11.readTemperature(); // read temperature in Fahrenheit float tempF = dht11.readTemperature(true); // check whether the reading is successful or not if ( isnan(tempC) || isnan(tempF) || isnan(humi)) { Serial.println("Failed to read from DHT11 sensor!"); } else { Serial.print("Humidity: "); Serial.print(humi); Serial.print("%"); Serial.print(" | "); Serial.print("Temperature: "); Serial.print(tempC); Serial.print("°C ~ "); Serial.print(tempF); Serial.println("°F"); } // wait a 2 seconds between readings delay(2000); }

Quick Instructions

  • If this is the first time you use ESP32, see how to setup environment for ESP32 on Arduino IDE.
  • Do the wiring as above image.
  • Connect the ESP32 board to your PC via a micro USB cable
  • Open Arduino IDE on your PC.
  • Select the right ESP32 board (e.g. ESP32 Dev Module) and COM port.
  • Click to the Libraries icon on the left bar of the Arduino IDE.
  • Type “DHT” on the search box, then look for the DHT sensor library by Adafruit
  • Install the library by clicking on Install button.
ESP32 DHT sensor library
  • A windows appears to ask you to install dependencies for the library
  • Install all dependencies for the library by clicking on Install All button.
ESP32 Adafruit Unified sensor library
  • Copy one of the above code and open with Arduino IDE
  • Compile and upload code to ESP32 board by clicking Upload button on Arduino IDE
  • Make the sensor colder or hotter. For example, putting the sensor near a hot cup of coffee
  • See the result on Serial Monitor. It looks like the below:.
COM6
Send
Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 27.00°C ~ 80.60°F Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 27.00°C ~ 80.60°F Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 27.00°C ~ 80.60°F Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 27.00°C ~ 80.60°F Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 28.00°C ~ 82.40°F Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 28.00°C ~ 82.40°F Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 28.00°C ~ 82.40°F Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 28.00°C ~ 82.40°F Humidity: 32.00% | Temperature: 28.00°C ~ 82.40°F Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 29.00°C ~ 84.20°F Humidity: 32.00% | Temperature: 29.00°C ~ 84.20°F Humidity: 31.00% | Temperature: 29.00°C ~ 84.20°F
Autoscroll Show timestamp
Clear output
9600 baud  
Newline  

Video Tutorial

Making video is a time-consuming work. If the video tutorial is necessary for your learning, please let us know by subscribing to our YouTube channel , If the demand for video is high, we will make the video tutorial.

※ OUR MESSAGES