ESP32 - Control Pump

This tutorial instructs you how to use ESP32 to control a pump. You can extend this tutorial to build the DIY aquarium, cocktail machine, coffee machine, or irrigation system...

Hardware Used In This Tutorial

1×ESP-WROOM-32 Dev Module
1×Micro USB Cable
1×12V Pump
1×Vinyl Tube
1×12V Power Adapter
n×Jumper Wires
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Introduction to 12V Pump

Pump Pinout

ESP32 Pump Pinout

A 12V Pump has two wires:

  • Negative (-) wire (black): connect this wire to the negative wire of 12V DC power supply
  • Positive (+) wire (red): connect this wire to the Positive wire of 12V DC power supply

How to Control Pump using ESP32

If we connect a 12V power supply to a pump, the pump will work. We can programmatically control a pump by using ESP32. To do so, we need a relay in between the pump ESP32 board. We have a specific tutorial about relay, which contains detailed information and step-by-step instructions about hardware pinout, working principle, wiring connection to ESP32, ESP32 code... Learn about relay in the ESP32 - Relay tutorial

Wiring Diagram between ESP32, Relay and Pump

wiring diagram between esp32 pump

This image is created using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

ESP32 - Pump Code

The below code periodically turns the pump ON/OFF in every 4 seconds.

/* * This ESP32 code is created by * * This ESP32 code is released in the public domain * * For more detail (instruction and wiring diagram), visit */ #define RELAY_PIN 27 // ESP32 pin GIOP27, which connects to the IN pin of relay // the code in setup function runs only one time when ESP32 starts void setup() { // initialize digital pin GIOP27 as an output. pinMode(RELAY_PIN, OUTPUT); } // the code in loop function is executed repeatedly infinitely void loop() { digitalWrite(RELAY_PIN, HIGH); // turn on pump 4 seconds delay(4000); digitalWrite(RELAY_PIN, LOW); // turn off pump 4 seconds delay(4000); }

Quick Instructions

  • If this is the first time you use ESP32, see how to setup environment for ESP32 on Arduino IDE.
  • Do the wiring as above image.
  • Connect the ESP32 board to your PC via a micro USB cable
  • Open Arduino IDE on your PC.
  • Select the right ESP32 board (e.g. ESP32 Dev Module) and COM port.
  • Copy the above code and paste it to Arduino IDE.
  • Compile and upload code to ESP32 board by clicking Upload button on Arduino IDE
  • See the pump's state

Line-by-line Code Explanation

The above ESP32 code contains line-by-line explanation. Please read the comments in the code!

Video Tutorial

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